We all know that this can be such a sticking point for our dyslexic kiddos. It's important to note that many students display difficulty with b/d until the end of second grade or about the age of 8. By the time a child is 8 years old the dreaded b/d reversal should be pretty much gone.
However, for many of our students they continue to struggle with b and d, and sometimes even p and q long after their peers have figured out those crazy letters. There are many tips and tricks to tackle these reversals. The important thing to note is that most often these reversals are caused by difficulty with orthography - recognizing the letter and processing it from a visual perspective to a language output perspective.
Different fonts have been widely touted as the best way to help dyslexic students discriminate between B/D but unfortunately, the difficulty goes beyond just the visual presentation and dives deeper into the language centers of the brain. So, if a different font works, great, but really we would like to see students begin to generalize b/d/p/q knowledge regardless of the font.
We created this visual to help solidify the tricks we use in our sessions. It all comes down to letter formation so when we are writing a "b" we start at the top, down to the bottom and around. We can add an extra bump at the top to see if our lowercase b turns into an uppercase B if so - we've got it right. We can use this trick for reading too by simply asking the student to add the upper bump to determine if they have a B or D. A "c" always turns into a "d". Again, letter formation needs to be correct for this to work. If the student can find a c in the letter they have a "d".
For "p" we have a visual in which the pig digs down into the mud. Because pigs are digging our line should be dropping below the bottom line of the writing paper. A "q" should always be hugging or reaching out to his best friend "u". This visual can lay out during a session to help provide a visual anchor for students.
We also have a few additional practice pages students can try in order to quickly recognize and discriminate between those tricky letters!