Disorder of Reading Comprehension

Some readers do not necessarily struggle with decoding the actual words, but rather, struggle with gaining information from the text. The purpose of reading is to gain information or think about how the text might relate to a situation we have been in or may be in at some point in the future. Whether the text is informative or for pleasure reading we need to be able to take something from the words on the page. Here are some of the most well-known comprehension strategies:

Make Connections

  • Text-to-Self: How does this text relate to me? Example thought: "This reminds me of the time I..."
  • Text-to-Text: How does this text relate to another book I've read?
  • Text-to-World: How does this text relate to something I know from my environment? Example thought: "Oh, this reminds me of the time we saw the cocoon that was going to turn into a butterfly!"

Make Predictions

  • Even before beginning the book you can ask your child what they think the story may be about based on the title, the cover, other books they may know by the author. After finishing each page or section, you can update your thoughts about what may happen next. Is this what you thought would happen? Why or why not?

Make Inferences

  • What might the author be trying to teach us in this section? At the end of the book what are our thoughts on a possible moral? Why do you think that? What is the evidence? Making inferences is so important, but it's even more important to realize (especially in a Fictional narrative) that each reader can take something different from the story, this is OKAY!


  • What do you imagine when you read this? Tell me about the setting, explain the picture you have in your head. Visualizing is such an important aspect of comprehension. A fun activity may be reading a story and having your child illustrate and tell you about what they see. If they were making a comic or movie of this story what would it look like?

Determine Importance

  • What is the relevant information? Is this a key detail or not? What makes me think this?

Synthesize Information

  • Synthesizing is essentially taking all of the information you have just gained using all of these other strategies to come up with the conclusions that you have on the meaning of the story, passage, or informational article.

One way you could incorporate these strategies is to focus on one strategy per week. Get a stack of multicolored sticky notes, for example, if you were focusing on "Making Connections" perhaps you would choose three colors and label them with each of the three types of connections. Each time you finish a sentence, paragraph, page, you could ask whether any of the sticky notes might fit and discuss why or why not. More to come on this on these comprehension strategies in our Blog!